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JOINT BULLETIN No. 6 



Vermont Botanical and 

Bird Clubs 



APRIL, 1920 



Published Anmially by the Clubs 



IviAf 9 t92t 



JOINT BULLETIN No. 6 



Vermont Botanical and 

Bird Clubs 



APRIL, 1920 



Published Annually by the Clubs 



buelington 

Free Press Printing Company 

1920 



VERMONT BOTANICAL AND BIRD CLUBS 
Joint Bulletin No. 6 April, 1920 

Published Annually by the Clubs 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

PAGE 

Editorial — 

Dr. Ezra Brainerd 3 

Dr. George H. Perkins 3 

Secretary's Report — Joint Meeting, Nellie F. Flynn 4 

Report of Treasurer, Nellie F. Flynn 6 

The 1919 Summer Meeting, Nellie F. Flynn 7 

Next Summer's Meeting 8 

A Spring Day in Florida, Evaline Darling Morgan 9 

Botanizing at the Fairbanks Museum in 1919, Inez Addie Howe... 12 

Rocky Mountain Flora — Wyoming, Ruth B. Fisher 14 

Bird Migration at Wells River, Wendell P. Smith 16 

The Whorled Milkweed, W. W. Eggleston 22 

Pileated Woodpecker Visits Dooryard, Mabel Strong Heselton.... 23 

Report on Vermont Hepaticae for 1919, Annie Lorenz 23 

Tame Rose-Breasted Grosbeak, Mrs. W. H. Moore 24 

Peloria in Habenaria, Anne E. Perkins 25 

Woodstock Plants, E. M. Kittredge 25 

Vermont Dragon Flies Listed in Manual of The Odonata of New 

England, D. Lewis Dutton 26 

Notes 28 

List of Members — 

Botanical Club 29 

Bird Club 35 

Joint Officers 38 




President Ezra Brainerd 




Vice-President George H. Perkins 



EDITORIAL 

The editor of the bulletin is delighted to be able to publish in this 
edition the portraits of the most distinguished members of the Ver- 
mont Botanical club and the Vermont Bird club. These two men are 
well known to all of our members and their names are familiar to 
men in all parts of the scientific world. 

Dr. Ezra Brainerd 

Dr. Ezra Brainerd is a native of St. Albans, having been born 
December 17, 1844. Since early manhood he has been interested in 
Vermont's botanical problems. He was one of the half dozen botanists 
who met at a lumber camp July 4, 1895, near the summit of Stratton 
mountain to study the "Torrey Meadows" and to form an association 
which finally became the Vermont Botanical club. Dr. Brainerd was 
elected the first president of the club, which office he has held con- 
tinuously for 25 years. During all this time he has been an active 
worker. He has been present at most of the meetings, both summer 
and winter, and the success of the club has been largely due to his 
leadership. During this time he has supervised the compiling and 
printing of two revisions of the Vermont Flora, one in 1900, the other 
in 1915. Dr. Brainerd is today the recognized authority on Vermont 
flora. 

His familiarity with the plants and his keen insight into the char- 
acters which seem to be important in classification have pushed him 
beyond the usual limits of the systematic botanist and we find him a 
pioneer in the analysis of the various forms of plants found in nature. 
He has not been satisfied with a study of herbarium material alone 
but has frequently cultivated in his garden the forms under considera- 
tion. This work has shown that many of our so-called species are 
either hybrids or ecological forms. His work on Viola and Rubus are 
models of the kind of work which the systematic botanist of the future 
should attempt. 

Dr. Brainerd has published many articles in the botanical journals 
of the country and his work has done much to give our bulletin a 
scientific standing. 

Dr. George H. Perkins 

Prof. George Henry Perkins, a native of Massachusetts, was born 
September 25, 1844. He came to Vermont in 1870 and for 50 years he 



4 Joint Bulletin 6 

has been interested in all things found in nature and his appreciation 
and deep love of the beauty of the plants and birds have been an in- 
spiration to the hundreds who have listened to his lectures in class- 
room and lecture hall. 

His interest in the flora of Vermont prompted him to publish in 
1882 a general "Catalogue of the Flora of Vermont." This was re- 
vised by him six years later. His list contained "1,360 species and 
varieties included in 479 genera." This was an addition of about 360 
species to the lists of Oakes, 1842, and Torrey, 1853. This publication 
was of the utmost importance to botanical workers. 

Professor Perkins showed an equal interest in the birds of Ver- 

ft 

mont, delivering many lectures, publishing a large number of articles 
on birds and finally bringing out a list of the birds of the state. 

The compilation of these lists was important pioneer work and 
all members of the two clubs are under deep obligation to Dr. Perkins 
for this early task. 

During the past 22 years Dr. Perkins has been state geologist and 
as such has visited all parts of the state, studying its geology, plant 
life and its birds. 

He maintains the attitude that scientific interest is not a prize to 
be sought only by those who can devote their entire life to the quest 
but something to be cherished and cultivated in the life and interest 
of every individual. Always tolerant of those whose enthusiasms ran 
in a totally different direction and had therefore had no opportunity to 
cultivate in early life an interest in the out-of-doors, he is yet ready at 
all times to offer suggestions, to narrate incidences, to point out the 
beauties of adjustment and fitness as exhibited in the structure and 
life of flora and birds. 



SECRETARY'S REPORT— JOINT MEETING 

Nellie F. Flynn 

The 23rd annual meeting of the Vermont Botanical club and the 
16th annual meeting of the Vermont Bird club were held at the Univer- 
sity of Vermont, Friday and Saturday, January 30 and 31, 1920. Dr. 
Harry F. Perkins of Burlington was elected chairman for the sessions 
of the clubs. The chairman appointed a committee, consisting of three 
members, on nominations and a similar committee on place for summer 
meeting. 



VERMO^'T Botanical and Bird Clubs 5 

The clubs then listened to the following papers: "An Abnormal 
Form of Habenaria Psycodes from Berkshire, Vt," Dr. Anne Perkins; 
"Migration Record for Wells River, Vt.," Wendell P. Smith; "A Spring 
Day in Florida," Mrs. A. B. Morgan; "Report on Vermont Hepatics for 
1919," Miss Annie Lorenz; "Note on Humming-bird," Emeline Webster. 

Friday Afternoon, 2:30 o'clock 

"The Summer Meeting of 1919," Mrs. Nellie F. Flynn; "The Whorled 
Milkweeds," W. W. Eggleston; "1919 Collections at Woodstock, Vt." 
Miss E. M. Kittredge; "Suggestions for Botanical Field Work," Miss 
Elizabeth Billings; "Additons to Vermont Flora," members of the club; 
"Botany at the Fairbanks Museum in 1919," Miss Inez Addie Howe. 

The clubs met at Grassmount at 6 P. M. for the annual dinner, 
after which Dr. Harry F. Perkins gave an interesting discussion on 
"Plans for a Biological Survey of the State." An interesting discus- 
sion followed during which it developed that the members present 
thought this work should be organized and directed by the clubs. 

Many interesting facts were brought out in the annual roll-call. 

Saturday Morning 

The committee on nominations reported as follows: President, 
Ezra Brainerd, Middlebury; vice-president, G. H. Perkins, Burlington; 
secretary-treasurer, Mrs. Nellie F. Flynn, Burlington; librarian, L. H. 
Flint, Burlington; editor, George L. Kirk, Rutland. These were unan- 
imously elected. 

The committee on place for summer meeting was granted more 
time and requested to announce their decision in the bulletin. The 
report of the treasurer was accepted. 

The clubs then returned to the reading of papers which were as 
follows: "The Algae of Vermont," Lewis H. Flint; "Alpine Flora of 
Mount Marcy," Prof. G. P. Burns; "Notes on Bird Study," Dora H. 
Walker. Colored lantern slides of plants were given by E, M. Kit- 
tredge. 



6 Joint Bulletin 6 

REPORT OF TREASURER 

Vermont Botanical Club 

Nellie F. Flynn 

RECEIPTS 

Cash on hand July 6, 1918 $128.26 

Dues 150.25 

Sale of Bulletins 2.95 

Sale of pin 65 

Total $282.11 

EXPENDITURES 

Half printing bill Joint Bulletin $ 31.25 

Postage 16.06 

Printing due cards, etc 7.48 

Rhodora, 1919-1920 3.50 

Stationery 1.90 

Half bill typewriting Bulletin 1.50 

Half dues N. E. P., N. H. S 1.50 

Half bill ruling cards 30 

Cash on hand Jan. 29, 1920 218.35 

Total $282.11 

Life membership fund $140.00 

Accrued interest 30.56 

Total $170.56 

Vermont Bird Club 

RECEIPTS 

Cash on hand July 6, 1918 $ 39.29 

Dues 94.51 

Sale of Bulletins 65 

Total $135.08 



Vermont Botanical and Bird Clubs 7 

expenditures 

Half bill printing Joint Bulletin $ 31.51 

Postage 12.69 

Printing due cards, etc 7.47 

Dues to National Association Audobon societies 5.00 

Stationery 1.90 

Half bill typewriting Bulletin 1.50 

Half dues N. E. F., N. H. S 1.50 

Half bill ruling cards 30 

Cash on hand Jan. 29, 1920 72.71 

Total $134.58 

Life memberships $ 30.00 

Accrued interest 9.16 

Total ? 39.16 



THE 1919 SUMMER MEETING 

Nellie F. Flynn 

The field meeting of 1919 was held at North Hero, August 4-6, 
headquarters being at Irving House, North Hero. There was a good 
attendance, 30 persons being present, some all of the three days. The 
first day's explorations were conducted about "The Carry" at North 
Hero where the Island contracts to the width of the road and at Pelot's 
Bay. There was only one boat available at each place and no oars for 
one so the collection of water plants was not what it might have been. 
The pondweeds, Potamogeton perfoliatus, P. zosterifolius, P. Richard- 
soni, P. heterophyllus, the water milfoils, MyriopTiyllum spicatum and 
M. alternifolium, the arrow head, Sagittaria graminea and the stiff 
water crowfoot, Ranunculus circinatus, were collected with the help 
of a pole. 

On the shore, among a host of other things, were the sedges, 
Eleocharis palustris, Scirpus occidentalis, S. pedicellatus, Carex vesi- 
caria, C. lenticularis and one of the bellflowers. Campanula uliginosa. 

At Pelot's Bay very much the same water weeds were collected 
and on the rocky shore we found the rare meadow rue, Thalictum con- 
fine. 



8 Joint Bulletin 6 

The second forenoon was rainy but in the afternoon we went 
down to "the gut," as the passage between North and South Hero is 
called, and botanized on the low shores of South Hero. In the woods 
back from the shore were the moonseed, Menispermum canadense, and 
Sanicula trifoliata, among a host of other plants common to such 
situations. 

On the shore we found the arrow heads, Sagittaria graminea, and 
(S. arifolia, hedge hyssop, Gratiola virginica, the pipewort, Eriocaulon 
septangulare, the sedge, Cyperus aristatus, the rushes, Juncus pelo- 
carpus and J. nodosus and, last but not least, a new plant for the state, 
the waterwort, Elatine americana; also another rarely found, Myriophyl- 
lum tenellum. Later, in a dried-up place, at North Hero, the bladder- 
wort, Utricularia intermedia was discovered. About 50 kinds of birds 
were seen. Altogether it was another one of our very pleasant and 
profitable field meetings. 

List of Birds Seen 

The following list of birds seen on the trip was made by Dr. Anne 
Perkins of Collins, N. Y.: Red-eyed vireo, warbling vireo, bank swallow, 
barn swallow, purple martin (abundant), kingbird, yellow warbler, 
black and white warbler, redstart, great-crested flycatcher, downy wood- 
pecker, solitary sandpiper, black duck, herring gull, song sparrow, cat- 
bird, robin, chipping sparrow, English sparrow, blue-winged teal, white- 
breasted nuthatch, red-breasted nuthatch, chickadee, Wilson's thrush, 
bluebird, white-throated sparrow, green heron, blue heron, northern 
water thrush, chimney swift, goldfinch, king fisher, crow, swamp spar- 
row, least flycatcher, northern yellowthroat, American bittern, vesper 
sparrow, field sparrow, cowbird, cedar waxwing, bronze grackle, red- 
winged blackbird, kildeer. 



NEXT SUMMER'S MEETING 

As Averill Lake, which has been suggested, is such an out of the 
way place to get to by rail — it taking two days to go from the middle 
eastern part of the state — and as the lake has been raised artificially 
so that there is no particularly good botanizing due to the obliteration 
of the old shore line, it has been decided that the Vermont Botanical 
club and the Vermont Bird club will go to Tyson and Plymouth for 
their 1920 field meeting. There are several bogs in this vicinity and 



Vermont Botanical and Bird Clubs 9 

about the only lime rock to be found east of the Green Mountains is 
located there. The club members should be able to secure good accom- 
modations at a reasonable rate. 

There are plans to lengthen the usual two days meeting in order 
to cover more ground, the Plymouth section having been little visited 
by botanists. 

There may be some disappointments at the change in program, as 
not a few wished to visit Averill Lake, but Island Pond has been sug- 
gested as a much better northern botanical field and it will be con- 
sidered for the 1921 meeting. It is not far from Averill. 

Mrs. Nellie F. Flynn, 
Miss Elsie M. Kittredge, 
E. J. Dole, 

Committee. 



A SPRING DAY IN FLORIDA 

Evaline Darling Morgan 

I wish that I might picture to you the shining fields and flowing 
road that led away from Lake Winnemisset (DeLand), Fla., on March 
30, 1919, across country to New Smyrna, Daytona and along the beach 
to Ormond. There is something indescribably thrilling and tonic in 
the spring air and sunshine of this favored region; the song of birds 
rings out clearly and strikingly in the stillness of the wastes, while 
the colors of the bright blossoms shine all the more brilliantly in con- 
trast to the general greyness of the landscape. Like so many of the 
lakes of Florida, Winnemisset lies like a clear jewel set around by in- 
dented shores, level muck lands, and, a little farther back, by orange 
groves which at this time of the year gleam bright with fruit and 
flowers, the fragrance of the latter permeating the air made sweet 
to the ears by the notes of the purple martin, the mocking bird and 
the cardinal. 

A lone duck floats upon the clear water of the lake in the morn- 
ing light. Overhead white-bellied swallows skim, and from the scrub 
palmettos darts the Carolina wren or the brown thrasher, while that 
distinctly Florida bird, the Joree, utters its questioning "tow wee" and 
shyly peers from some secluded perch. Among the water oaks the 
kinglets and the blue-gray gnatcatchers cry "ti-ti" or "ting." Asso- 
ciated with them are orange-crowned, yellow-throated, myrtle, prairie. 



10 Joint Bulletin 6 

palm and parula warblers, and curiously enough, seemingly led from 
tree to tree by a white-eyed vireo with his rippling mimicry that seems 
to include them all. Here, too, the honey bees are reveling in the 
sweet cups of Xolisma fen-uginea with its cinnamon-tipped branches, 
and twining low are the brilliant red clusters of Smilax pumila; hut 
of the many beautiful shrubs that grow near the lake, none seems quite 
so wonderful as staggerbush, Pieris Mariana, with its large white 
waxy bells touched on sepals and stems with coral red, and its flower 
clusters almost always including enlarged urn-shaped capsules in green, 
red and frosted silver that renders the effect particularly striking. 

Almost as lovely is the fetterbush wuth its smaller pink bells — a 
shrub that almost universally lines the roadsides that are also bor- 
dered by inkberry, Ilex glabra — with its persistent, bitter, black drupes; 
by an ornamental blueberry, Vaccinium nitidum, with rose colored or 
almost white flowers, brilliant sepals and stems; by a showy mint, 
Pycnothymus rigidus, growing in big rosettes; or by the exquisitely 
tinted lupine, Lupinus diffusus, with its pastel-blue blossoms and silver 
grey foliage. 

As we round a turn by the lakeside we see a wax myrtle, MorcUa 
cerifera, with its greenish-yellow catkins and white, waxy fruit shining 
out from the dark foliage, and the whole made into a picture by the 
yellow jessamine, Gelsemium sempervirens, that clambers over it. At 
its base the southern dew^berry, Rubus trivialis, lifts its rose-like, white 
flowers with their pink stamens to our admiring view, and near at 
hand the lanced-leaved violet, Viola lanceolata, and the spring fleabane, 
Erigeron vernus, gleam white in the grasses. 

We are now turning east across a wilderness that is threaded by 
a white-shell road 23 miles in length and taking one past cypress 
swamps, pine and sand barrens, wet marsh land and acres of palmetto 
and oak scrub. Along the borders of the cypress swamp Virginia 
willows, Itea virginica. with their drooping racemes, rise out of the 
dark waters wherein grow lizard's tail, Saururus cernuus, bright pink 
smartweed, Persicaria hydropiperoides. and a large-flowered bladder- 
wort, TJtricularia fibrosa. The cypress trees in their feathery new green 
show gleaming white in their tops, and the field glasses reveal white 
herons posing with up-lifted heads in perfect safety. These are prob- 
ably the immatures of the little blue heron, a bird so common that 
we come upon it in the road and at frequent intervals in the marshes 

w^hen the great blue and Ward's herons rise majestically as we ap- ■ 

■I 
proach. Meadow larks are singing, bluebirds are warbling, flickers and ■ 



I 



Vermont Botanical and Bird Clubs 11 

robins calling, and new voices reveal the presence of the brown-headed 
nuthatch with its chatter, and the red-cockaded woodpecker with its 
hoarse call. Among the pines where these birds are feeding, the pine 
warblers are numerous and seated on one of the branches we discover 
a Florida barred owl that, on our homeward way, we heard calling to 
another male miles and miles away, the one deep toned and awesome, 
the other like an echo. At many points the showy red-bellied wood- 
pecker is calling lustily and jerking up a tree; at another, the pileated 
is first recognized by its call and then quickly discovered, and at still 
another place, one of our party shows us where he had seen the rare 
ivory-billed woodpecker a few days before. All along the wayside the 
marshes are dotted with the spring helenium, purple, yellow and pale 
lilac butterworts, Pinguicula elatior, P. lutea, P. pumila, the loveliest 
to my mind of all the flowers that I found in Florida, bright orange 
"bachelor buttons," Polygala lutea and more rarely by that lovely 
Amaryllis, the purple tinted white Atamasco lily,. Atamasco Atamasco. 

At one alluring spot I asked to stop and upon getting out dis- 
covered a nodding pink flower with clustered leaves at its base which 
are covered with white down beneath. It proved to be Chaptalia 
tomentosa and a field botanist of DeLand told me it was the one spot 
where he had discovered it, and added: "How did you do it?" 

At intervals partly dried-up ponds or lakes are to be seen with 
numberless button-like white heads of the pipewort, Eriocaulon com- 
pressum, shining above the water, and growing in great masses is the 
showy, feathery-foliaged St. John's wort, Hypericum myrtifolium, with 
its bushy flat tops literally covered with hundreds of bright yellow 
flower clusters. 

Circling around and farther back in soil that has once been sub- 
merged are dainty bartonias, Bartonia verna, with their tiny white 
blossoms on leafless stems, as well as the minute bladderworts, Utri- 
cularia cornuta, with their perfect spurred jewels. Then, like a yellow 
fringe, come the showy sarracenias {minor) their trumpet leaves 
spotted with white and veined with green and red, while interspersed 
with them are the brilliant calopogons, {tu'berosum) , and rose pogonias, 
(ophioglossoides, magenta-pink sabbatias, (gracilis), and the star-like 
Hypoxia juncea. In some favored spots all these lovely blossoms are 
made more so by contrast with the white-topped sedge, Dichromena 
colorata, growing freely among them. 

Shining out like slender columns from oak and palmetto scrub rise 
the custard apples — papaws, Asimina speciosa, with their showy, leathery, 



12 



Joint Bulletin 6 



straw-colored blossoms, gi'owing on slender, upright branches and wav- 
ing like fairy wands to the passersby, and clambering among and over 
the scrub, the dainty, sensitive brier, Morongia uncinata. sheds beauty 
around by its fluffy pink balls of bloom with their golden stamens. 

As we neared the coast vegetation becomes more abundant, cab- 
bage palms, Sabal Palmetto, of splendid growth with vines like smilax,' 
(Bona-nox) , and trumpet flower, Bignonia crucigera, add to the jungle 
effect where oaks with wonderful festoons of Spanish moss, Tillandsia 
usneoides, lend enchantment to truly tropical vistas. Here quantities 
of blue salvia, (lyrata), border the way, as well as occasional patches of 
the red, (cocciyiea), while wild verbena, {Lamhertii) , and brilliant orange 
or purple lantana, (Camara and SeUoiciaiva) , gladden the eye. By the 
Halifax River was found the wild heliotrope, Heliotropium Cut'a^saviciim. 
There also were the great oyster beds, and there various water birds 
were wading and fishing, among them the Louisiana heron, a noticeably 
beautiful species with contrasted blues, chestnut and white. In the 
grasses, sparrows new to me were singing and fluttering (probably 
Scott's seaside), but I could not be sure of its identity. 

Between Daytona and Sea Breeze, as we approach the ocean, masses 
of spiderwort, Tradescantia j-effexa, with their brilliant blues, showy 
white poppies, Argemone alba, Spanish bayonets. Yucca aloifoUa, and 
Cherokee roses, R. laevigata, make a fairyland of beauty. Here, as 
elsewhere, phlox, escaped from cultivation and of every hue, covers acres 
of waste ground, and on the sand cliffs above the shining beach, gay 
gaillardias grow. Sandpipers, gulls and pelicans add interest to this 
charming scene. As we speed over the white sand of the motorists' 
Paradise towards Ormond, the wide stretches bordering the sea, mag- 
nify Nature's greatness. With the declining day we are facing toward 
home when we are to experience one of the most thrilling sights of 
the day in the V-shaped evening flight of the white herons. Over the 
tops of the great pines they circle in two squads with from 50 to 75 
birds in each, winging their way to their rookeries across mysterious 
marshes and beyond our vision. What better ending for a spring 
dav in Florida? 



BOTANIZING AT THE FAIRBANKS MUSEUM IN 1919 

Inez Addie Howe 



Last summer was an especially interesting season from a botanist's 



Vermont Botanical and Bird Clubs 13 

standpoint. The extreme heat of June forced many midsummer plants 
into bloom from 10 days to two weeks earlier than usual. The dry 
weather of July and August greatly minimized the number of blooms 
on the orchids due at that time, but the same drought shrunk the 
ponds so much that collecting pond weeds and water plants was much 
more successful than usual. 

From the museum we did much systematic work, covering new 
areas within our five-mile radius, with many additions to our local 
flora as a result. 

With the addition of Miss Mary L. Wheeler to our museum staff, 
much more efficient work was accomplished than I have usually been 
able to do. To her, credit is due for a station for Crepis capillaris in 
St. Johnsbury. According to the flora this is the third station in the 
state. 

The additions to our local flora were as follows: Amarantlius 
graecizans, Digitaria sanguinalis, Artemisia biennis, Cyperus esculentus, 
Utricularia eornuta, Bidens connata, Chenopodium incisum, Myrica 
Gale, Crepis capillaris, Polygonum prolificum, Kalmia polifolia, Habe- 
naria flava, Potamogeton obtusifplius, P. praelongus. Ambrosia triflda, 
Camelina sativa, Centaurea nigra var, radiata, Oxybaphus fioribundus, 
Euphorbia humistrata, Isoetes echinospora var. Braunii, Carex foenea, 
C. flava, C. granularis, C. scoparia, Eriophorum virginicum, a total of 
25 species. 

Of this number three, Polygonum pr'Olificum, Camelina sativa and 
Centaurea nigra var. radiata, are new to Vermont. 

I have plenty of pressed specimens of P. prolificum, but of the 
Centaurea I made no herbarium specimens. This was an oversight, but 
the plants were brought to the museum for identification and, in the 
rush of a busy week, missed getting into press. However, I expect 
to be able to get a supply of this species next summer. 

An especially profitable day's botanizing was at Shadow lake in 
the town of Concord, on July 11. Lobelia Dortmanna, Eriocaulon 
septangulare, Brosera longifolia, Sparganium diversifolium var. acaule, 
and Utricularia eornuta were very common along the east shore and in 
shallow water near the shore. 

Ranunculus Boreanus in Vermont 

I have one report to make that I am sure will interest other mem- 
bers of the clubs as much as it does me. When the November, 1919, 



14 Joint Bulletin 6 

copy of Rhodora came, I read with much interest the article on Ranun- 
culus Boreanus in Eastern New York. 

In May, 1917, Miss Edith Hutchinson of Concord, Vt, a member 
of our club, brought to me for identification a curious buttercup that 
grows plentifully on her father's farm. It blooms earlier than other 
buttercups and has finely dissected leaves. I could find nothing in 
Gray or Brftton that would fit the specimen, so preserved it until such 
time as I could identify it. I find on examination that it exactly fits 
the description of Ranunculus boreanus as given in Rhodora. There- 
fore Vermont can justly lay claim to the first station for this European 
species. Miss Hutchinson assures me that she can supply me with any 
number of specimens next spring. 

With the death, in July, 1919, of William Everard Balch, the 
botanists as well as all other natural scientists of Vermont, of New 
England, and of America, lost one of their most efficient co-laborers, 
but his matchless series of photographs of the orchids of Vermont, 
which only lacked one Vermont species and embraced all but two 
species ever recorded in New England, will ever be a lasting memorial 
to his ability as a botanist and photographer. 

In closing I would like to give a few statistics of our botanical 
work for 1919. On our flower tables at the museum we displayed dur- 
ing the season 710 species of flowering plants, 52 of ferns and fern 
allies and 26 of mosses and lichens, collected within a five mile radius 
of the museum, beside a hundred or more species from mountain, lake 
and seashore far beyond our range. 



ROCKY MOUNTAIN FLORA— WYOMING 

Ruth B. Fisher 

The section of Wyoming where I spent part of the summer has its 
headquarters 50 miles from the railroad station, Cody. It has an 
elevation of 6,900 feet and lies in a narrow mountain valley gouged out 
by the south fork of the Shoshone River. About us plateaus and 
peaks rose to elevations of 11,000, sometimes 12,000 feet, and over. 
From "The Ranch,*' so called because it was a resting place for tourists, 
we made pack trips of several days length to the surrounding wilder- 
nesses. These were to the Thoroughfare Country adjoining the south- 
east of Yellowstone park, Boulder basin, and the Shoshone plateau 
which separates the headwaters of the Shoshone, GreybuU and Wind 



Vermont Botanical and Bird Clubs 15 

rivers. Our night camps were usually made just below the tree line 
which seems to be about 11,000 feet at this latitude. 

My plant press consisted of two boards, rounded at the corners, 
filled with newspapers and tied with cords. This I fastened to the 
pommel of my saddle, with camera and glasses, but later consigned the 
press to the dufflebag, substituting in its place an oilskin sack for 
horseback collections. To hasten the drying I used in camp the back 
part of our portable stove. 

The greatest floral wonders were near the summits of the divides 
in spongy places kept moist by the melting snowbanks above. It was 
in such locations that I found anemones, ranunculuses, and a white 
caltha. The dryer slopes near were blued by forget-me-nots, Myosotis 
alpestris, and Mertensia alpina which I thought at first was another 
forget-me-not of a deeper blue. A little farther down the grassy 
mountain sides were several species of painted cup, Castilleja, from 
cream colored to rich carmine; the higher the altitude the wider and 
deeper colored were the leaves that formed the blossom. Among the 
more showy plants were a dark blue larkspur, Delphinum Nelsonii, 
the white masses of Phlox multiflora, the dark magenta Primula Parryi, 
also the graceful columbine, Aquilegia coerulea. with flowers fully three 
inches in length which shaded from dark lavender to pure cream white 
specimens. Another cream colored aquilegea, oreophila, was found 
on rocky ledges overhanging a river canyon. 

On the exposed rounding summit of Needle mountain at a height 
of 12,000 feet I found two spring beauties flowering in August; several 
erigerons; moss campion; a small poppy, Papaver radicatum; and two 
Townsendias, one of these, alpina, never having been reported but once 
before. This was a curious, compact sphere of leaves and purplish 
flowers about an inch and a half in diameter which secured itself to 
the ground by a taproot. 

On the mountain slopes the most numerous and varied plants were 
the many species of the Pea family such as Lupinus, Astragalus. Vicia, 
Hedysarum and several others. These are the mainstay of the elk 
and mountain sheep which we often saw on these summer ranges. 
At about 9,000 feet altitude I found two of our Vermont plants, the 
twin flower, Linnaea americana, and the single flowered shinleaf, 
Moneses uniflora. 

The flora of my lowest elevation along the Shoshone consisted 
mostly of sagebrush, Artemisia tridentata, even to the river's edge; 
masses of Rosa Fendleri, blossoming in July; the black cottonwood, 



l(j Joint Bulletin 6 

Populus angustifolius, covering the ground for about a week to a depth 
of two inches with its cotton wool; and the silverleafed Buffalo-berry, 
Lepargyraea argentea, the sweet odor of whose flowers is conveyed to 
some distance 

This sketch merely gives a glimpse of what there is in this section 
of the Rockies. I found on my return east that I had but about a 
hundred specimens the greater part of them, however, were collected at 
the higher altitudes. I am indebted to Dr. Rydberg and to Dr. Pennell, 
both of the New York Botanical garden, for the naming of these. 



BIRD MIGRATION AT WELLS RIVER 

Wendell P. Smith 

The range of observation covers a radius of two miles from the 
village of Wells River, extending over a period of five years, 1914-1919. 
The average date of arrival appears opposite the names of some of 
the birds. 

Colymbus holboelli, Holboell's grebe; winter resident; uncommon. 

Gavia imber, Loon; migrant; rare. 

Larus argentatus, Herring gull; uncommon visitor. 

Mergus americanus, American merganser; winter visitant; occa- 
sionally resident. 

Anas platyrhynchos. Mallard; migrant; rare. 

Anas obscura, Black duck; summer resident; uncommon. 

Marila americana, Redhead; migrant; rare. 

Clangula clangula americana, Golden-eye; winter resident; un- 
common. 

Clangula islandica, Barrow's golden-eye; winter resident; un- 
common. 

Branta canadensis canadensis, Canada goose; migrant; common. 

Botaurus Lentiginosus, Bittern; summer resident; tolerably com- 
mon. 

Ardea herodias herodias, Great blue heron; rare. 

Butorides virescens virescens, Green heron; summer resident; un- 
common. 

Ponzana Carolina, Sora rail; rare summer visitant. 

Philohela minor. Woodcock; summer resident; rare. 

Totanus flavipes, Yellow-legs; migrant; rare. 

Helodromas solitarius solitarius, Solitary sandpiper; migrant; rare. 



► 



Vermont Botanical and Bird Clubs 17 

Actitis macularia, Spotted sandpiper; summer resident; common; 
May 12. 

Bonasa umbellus umbellus, Ruffed grouse; resident; tolerably 
common. 

Zenaidura macroura carolinensis, Mourning dove; rare visitant. 

Circus hudsonius, Marsh hawk; summer resident; uncommon. 

Accipiter velox, Sharp-shinned hawk; summer resident; uncommon. 

Accipiter cooperii, Cooper's hawk; summer resident; uncommon. 

Astur atricapillus atricapillus, Goshawk; winter visitant; rare. 

Buteo borealis borealis, Red-tailed hawk; summer resident, un- 
common. 

Buteo lineatus lineatus, Red-shouldered hawk; summer resident; 
common. 

Falco sparverius sparverius, Sparrow hawk; summer resident; rare. 

Pandion haliaetus carolinensis, Osprey; migrant; uncommon. 

Strix varia varia, Barred owl; resident; common. 

Cryptoglaux funerea richardsoni, Richardson's owl; winter visitant; 
rare. 

Cryptoglaux acadica acadica, Saw-whet owl; resident; uncommon. 

Otus asio asio, Screech owl; resident; common. 

Bubo virginianus virginianus, great-horned owl; resident; rare. 

Coccyzus erythrophthalmus, Black-billed cuckoo; summer resident; 
common; May 21. 

Ceryle alcyon, Belted kingfisher; summer resident; uncommon; 
April 26. ' 

Dryobates villosus villosus, Hairy woodpecker; resident; un- 
common. 

Dryobates pubescens medianus, Downy woodpecker; resident; 
common. 

Picoides arcticus, Arctic three-toed woodpecker; winter visitant; 
rare. 

Sphyrapicus varius varius, Yellow-bellied sapsucker; summer resi- 
dent; common; April 14. 

Phloeotomus pileatus abieticola, Northern pileated woodpecker; 
resident; rare. 

Melanerpes erythrocephalus, Red-headed woodpecker; summer resi- 
dent; rare. 

Colaptes auratus luteus, Northern flicker; summer resident; 
common. 



18 Joint Bulletin 6 

Antrostomus vociferous vociferous, Whip-poor-will; summer resi- 
dent; common; May 10. 

Chordeiles virginianus virginianus, Nighthawk; summer resident; 
common; May 25. 

Chaetura pelagica, Chimney swift; summer resident; common; 
May 8. 

Archilochus colubris, Ruby-throated humming-bird; summer resi- 
dent; common; May 14. 

Tyrannus tyrannus, Kingbird; summer resident; common; May 12. 

Myriarchus crinitus, Crested flycatcher; summer resident; common; 
May 12. 

Sayornis phoebe, Phoebe; summer resident; common; March 28. 

Nuttallornis borealis, Olive-sided flycatcher; summer resident; un- 
common; May 29, 

Myiochanes virens, Wood pewee; summer resident; common; 
May 24. 

Empidonax flaviventris, Yellow-bellied flycatcher; migrant; rare. 

Empidonax trailli alnorum, Alder flycatcher; summer resident; 
rare. 

Empidonax minimus, Least flycatcher; summer resident; common; 
May 7. 

Otocoris alpestris praticola, Prairie-horned lark; resident; rare. 

Cyanocitta cristata cristata, Blue jay; resident; common. 

Corvus brachyrhynchos brachyrhynchos, Crow; summer resident; 
common; February 26. 

Dolichonyx oryzivorus; Bobolink; summer resident; common; 
May 14. 

Molothrus ater ater, Cowbird; summer resident; common; April 15. 

Agelaius phoeniceus phoeniceus, Red-winged blackbird; summer 
resident; common; March 29. 

Sturnella magna magna, Meadowlark; summer resident; uncom- 
mon; April 8. 

Icterus galbula, Baltimore oriole; summer resident; common; 
May 14. 

Euphagus carolinus, Rusty blackbird; migrant; uncommon. 

Quiscalus quiscula aeneus, Bronzed grackle; summer resident; 
common; March 28. 

Hesperiphona vespertina vespertina, Evening grosbeak; winter 
visitant; uncommon. 



Vermont Botanical and Bird Clubs 19 

Pinicola enucleator leucura, Pine grosbeak, winter visitant; com- 
mon. 

Carpodicus purpureas purpereus, Purple finch; summer resident; 
common; April 4. 

Loxia curvirostra minor, Crossbill; winter visitant; uncommon. 

Loxia leucoptera, White-winged crossbill; winter visitant; rare. 

Acanthis linaria linaria, Redpoll; winter visitant; common. 

Astragalinus tristis tristis, Goldfinch; summer resident; few winter. 

Spinus pinus, Pine siskin; migrant; rare. 

Plectrophenax nivalis nivalis, Snow bunting; winter visitant; com- 
mon. 

Pooecetes gramineus gramineus, Vesper sparrow; summer resident; 
common; April 10. 

Passerculus sandwichensis savanna, Savannah sparrow; summer 
resident; common; April 12. 

Zonotrichia leucophrys leucophrys. White-crowned sparrow; mi- 
grant; common; May 12. 

Zonotrichia albicollis. White-throated sparrow; summer resident; 
common; April 26. 

Spizella monticola monticola. Tree sparrow; winter visitant; com- 
mon. 

Spizella passerina passerina, Chipping sparrow; summer resident; 
common; April 26. 

Spizella pusilla pusilla, Field sparrow; summer resident; common; 
May 1. 

Junco hyemalis hyemalis. Slate-colored junco; summer resident; a 
few winter; March 20. 

Melospiza melodia melodia, Song sparrow; summer resident; com- 
mon; March 22. 

Passerella iliaca iliaca, Pox sparrow; migrant; uncommon. 

Pipilo erythrophthalmus erythrophthalmus, Towhee; summer resi- 
dent; rare. 

Zamelodia ludoviciana, Rose-breasted grosbeak; summer resident; 
uncommon; May 16. 

Passerina cyanea, Indigo bunting; summer resident; common; 
May 24. 

Piranga erythromelas. Scarlet tanager; summer resident; common; 
May 27. 

Progne subis subis, Purple martin; summer resident; uncommon. 



20 Joint Bulletin 6 

Petrochelidon lunifrons lunifrons, Cliff swallow; summer resident; 
common; May 8. 

Hirundo erythrogastra, Barn swallow; summer resident; common; 
April 28. 

Iridoprocne bicolor, Tree swallow; summer resident; rare; May 15. 

Riparia riparia, Bank swallow; summer resident; common; May 11. 

Bombycilla cedrorum, Cedar waxwing; summer resident; common; 
May 17. 

Lanius borealis, Northern shrike; winter visitant; rare. 

Lanius ludovicianus migrans, Migrant shrike; summer resident; 
rare. 

Vireosylva olivacea, Red-eyed vireo; summer resident; common; 
May 20. 

Vireosylva gilva gilva, Warbling vireo; summer resident; common; 
May 13. 

Lanivireo flavifrons, Yellow-throated vireo; summer resident; com- 
mon; May 27. 

Lanivireo solitarius solitarius, Blue-headed vireo; summer resident; 
common; April 26. 

Mniotilta varia, Black and white warbler; summer resident; com- 
mon; May 5. 

Vermivora rubricapilla rubricapilla, Nashville warbler; summer 
resident; common; May 8. 

Vermivora peregrina, Tennessee warbler; migrant; common; 
May 20. 

Compsothlypis americana usneae, Northern parula warbler; summer 
resident; common; May 10. 

Dendroica tigrins, Cape May warbler; migrant; uncommon; May 15. 

Dendroica aestiva aestiva, Yellow warbler; summer resident; com- 
mon; May 11. 

Dendroica caerulescens caerulescens, Black-throated blue warbler; 
summer resident; common; May 10. 

Dendroica coronata, Myrtle warbler; summer resident; common; 
May 4. 

Dendroica magnolia, Magnolia warbler; summer resident; common; 

May 17. 

Dendroica pensylvanica, Chestnut-sided warbler; summer resident; 
common; May 15. 

Dendroica castanea. Bay-breasted warbler; migrant; common; 
May 24. 



Vermont Botanical and Bird Clubs 21 

Dendroica striata, Blackpoll warbler; migrant; common; May 25. 

Dendroica fusca, Blackburnian warbler; summer resident; com- 
mon; May 9. 

Dendroica virens, Black-throated green warbler; summer resident; 
common; May 8. 

Dendroica vigorsi, Pine warbler; summer resident; common; 
April 19. 

Dendroica palmarum hypochrysea, Yellow-palm warbler; migrant; 
uncommon. 

Seiurus aurocapillus, Oven-bird; summer resident; common; 
May 10. 

Seiurus noveboracensis noveboracensis, Water thrush; summer 
resident; rare; May 23. 

Oporonis agilis, Connecticut warbler; migrant; rare. 

Oporonis Philadelphia, Mourning warbler; summer resident; rare. 

Geothlypis trichas trichas, Maryland yellow-throat; summer resi- 
dent; common; May 15. 

Wilsonia pusilla pusilla, Wilson's warbler; migrant; uncommon. 

Wilsonia canadensis, Canadian warbler; summer resident; com- 
mon; May 25. 

Setophaga ruticilla. Redstart; summer resident; common; May 11. 

Mimus polyglottos polyglottos, mockingbird; summer resident; rare. 

Dumetella carolinensis, Catbird; summer resident; common; 
May 12. 

Toxostoma rufum, Brown thrasher; summer resident; uncommon; 
June 4. 

Troglodytes aedon aedon, House wren; summer resident; common; 
May 5. 

Nannus hiemalis hiemalis, Winter wren; summer resident; un- 
common. 

Certhia familiaris americana, Brown creeper; resident; common. 

Sitta carolinensis carolinensis, White-breasted nuthatch; resident; 
common. 

Sitta canadensis. Red-breasted nuthatch; resident. 

Penthestes atricapillus atricapillus. Chickadee; resident; common. 

Penthestes hudsonicus littoralis, Acadian chickadee; winter visit- 
ant; rare. 

Regulus satrapa satrapa. Golden-crowned kinglet; migrant; com- 
mon; a few winter. 



22 Joint Bulletin 6 

Regulus calendula calendula, Ruby-crowned kinglet; migrant; com- 
mon; April 23. 

Hylochichla mustelina, Wood thrush; summer resident; uncommon; 
May 15. 

Hylochichla fuscescens fuscescens, Veery; summer resident; com- 
mon; May 4. 

Hylochichla aliciae aliciae, Gray-cheeked thrush; migrant; uncom- 
mon; May 14. 

Hylochichla ustulata swainsoni, Olive-backed thrush; summer resi- 
dent; uncommon; May 14. 

Hylocichla guttata pallasii, Hermit thrush; summer resident; com- 
mon; April 15. 

Planesticus migratorius migratorius, Robin; summer resident; 
common; March 16. 

Sialia sialis sialis, Bluebird; summer resident; common; March 14. 



THE WHORLED MILKWEED (Asclepias verticillata) 

W. W. Eggleston 

Professor Joseph Torrey's Additions to Oakes' Catalogue of Vermont 
Plants (Thompson's Appendix to the History of Vermont, 1853) in- 
cludes "Asclepias verticillata, Brattleboro (C. C. Frost)." Like several 
other of Frost's plants, of which botanical specimens were not found, 
this species was listed in "Plants to be Looked For" in the Vermont 
Flora of 1900 and entirely omitted in the 1915 catalogue. There are 
very good reasons to believe that it can be found in the lower Con- 
necticut Valley of Vermont. Tuckerman and Frost, in their Catalogue 
of Plants Growing Within a Radius of Thirty Miles of Amherst, Mass. 
(1875) include Asclepias verticillata without comment. Stone's Plants 
of Franklin, Hampshire and Hampden counties, Mass. (1913) also list 
the species without special comment. In the Gray Herbarium there is 
a specimen labelled as follows, "Cliff, Sunderland, Mass., Nov. 1, 1914, 
F. G. Floyd." No other herbaria has been consulted. It is represented 
in the Gray Herbarium from many stations in Massachusetts, Rhode 
Island and Connecticut. It seems to prefer sandy, well drained soil 
of the plains and the lesser mountains. 

In the western United States the whorled milkweed group is rep- 
resented by at least three other species. Of these, Asclepias galioides 
is abundant in Colorado, Utah, New Mexico and Arizona, and has been 



Vermont Botanical and Bird Clubs 23 

found to be very poisonous to all grazing animals. Asclepias mexicana 
and A. pumila are also known to be poisonous. 

In the South A. verticillata is looked on as an antidote in snake 
poisoning. 



PILEATED WOODPECKER VISITS DOORYARD 

Madel Strong Heselton 

The writer has been receiving visits from a pileated woodpecker. I 
first heard him in some woods just back of the house during the summer 
and fall and one day in October, upon hearing the call very near the 
house, I rushed out to find the bird on a small willow tree at the 
foot of our garden, less than 10 rods from the house. All through 
the winter (1919-1920) he has repeated his visits and I have had fine 
opportunities to see him both with and without field glasses. I have 
been much interested for it is the first time that I have ever seen the 
bird alive. 

I am feeding a large flock of chickadees and nuthatches, among 
them a pair of red-breasted ones, and a pair each of downy and hairy 
woodpeckers. They come to my feeding place, high up under the edge 
of our back piazza, where I keep doughnuts on nails and suet, pork, 
bones and butternuts. Often there are a dozen birds at a time, this 
being the largest number of birds I have entertained in many years. 

Since the heavy snow I have had redpolls and tree sparrows and 
goldfinches but I am so afraid that the cat will get them that I do 
not encourage them for I know that neighboring barns offer an abun- 
dance of food and shelter. 

In Woodstock several ladies are feeding a fiock of 18 or more 
evening grosbeaks but I have not been privileged to see them this 
winter. I have a neighbor who is feeding as many birds as I am and 
three fiying squirrels and two red squirrels in addition. 



REPORT ON VERMONT HEPATICAE FOR 1919 

Annie Lorenz 
The only addition for 1919 is Anthoceros crispulus (Mont.) Douin, 
collected by Dr. Evans at Jericho in 1903, which had been listed as 
A. punctatus L. The writer collected A. crispulus at Ascutneyville, 



24 Joint Bulletin 6 

just after the North Hero meeting, and this raised the question of the 
identity of the previous collection. A. punctatus is now admitted to 
the list on Frost's authority. 

The Vermont list now stands at 130. The noticeable feature of 
the hepatic flora of North Hero was the paucity of species, only three 
being noted. This was probably due to the dry limestone and old 
cultivation of the island. One species, however, Fossombronia foveolata 
Lindb. was excessively abundant on the muddy shores. 



TAME ROSE-BREASTED GROSBEAK 

M7's. W. H. Moore 

We have here in Woodstock a tame rose-breasted grosbeak which 
was brought to me when a baby bird. There was then a slight show- 
ing of pink under each wing, indicating that it was a male. This was 
in May four years ago. Mr. Moore has had the bird at his newspaper 
office most of the time. He is the office pet and is admired by every- 
one because of his lovely coat. He is very tame and, when the cage 
door is left open, he hops on to one's hand or shoulder and eats out of 
the hand or from the lips; then he flies around the office on a tour of 
inspection. He picks type from the compositors' cases, investigates 
articles on the counters and often becomes so mischievous that he 
is taken back to his cage. 

His pranks are the same when he is at the house where he is this 
winter. As this was being written he flew to the back of the chair, 
overlooked the process and then started off on mischief bent. If it is 
plants or work baskets, the pins and needles, leaves and blossoms drop 
around him like rain drops. He readily hops on to one's hand. He 
will sit quietly on the open door of the phonograph and listen to the 
music long enough for several records to be played, twisting his head 
in a comical manner. 

He is a wonderful singer. Interspersed with his own songs are 
those of other birds which he heard from the office door. Peter is his 
home name and Mortimer his office appellation. 



Vermont Botanical and Bird Clubs 25 

PELORIA IN HABENARIA 

Anne E. Perkins 

I collected in Vermont an abnormal orchid. The specimen was 
sent to C. A. Weatherby who writes concerning it as follows: 

"I have just received the queer orchid which you collected at 
Berkshire, Vt., back from Professor Ames. He states that my second 
conjecture was correct and that the plant is an abnormal form of 
Habenaria psycocles. It is an example of the phenomenon known as 
peloria by which (this in case you do not happen to be familiar with 
the term) an irregular flower becomes regular by the duplication of 
one or another of its parts to the exclusion of those which differ from 
it. In this case the petals are repeated and the lip with its spur is 
eliminated. 

"Following the clue given by Professor Ames, I find some litera- 
ture on the subject which I had previously overlooked. A precisely 
similar form has been recorded in Habenaria fimbriata (Lynn, N. H., 
H. G. Jesup, Dot. Gaz. xviii, 189) and also in H, ciliaris. The opposite 
kind of peloria in which the petals have spurs like the lip has also 
been at least once noted in a species of Habenaria. 

"In the case of your flower the peloria seems also to have extended 
to the stamens which, by the production of one or two additional 
anther-sacs, show a partial reversion to a primitive regular-flowered 
type. I flnd a similar phenomenon recorded in a peloric flower of a 
European species. 

"Professor Ames does not say whether he has seen such a form in 
Habenaria psycocles before; but I find no record of one." 



WOODSTOCK PLANTS 

E. M. Kittredge 

Among the plants I have collected for Miss Billings in the town 
of Woodstock are more than 50 recorded from only a few stations in 
the state and 35 others not mentioned in the 1915 issue of the Vermont 
Flora. Of these not recorded, perhaps a few of the most interesting are 
Ribes rotundifolium, Euphorbia glyptosperma, Vitis aestivalis, Oeno- 
thera muricata var. canescens, Pentstemon pallidus, Houstonia coeru- 
lea, var. Faxonorum, Lonicera Xylosteum, Achillea ligustica, Artemisia 
annua, Chrysanthemum Parthenium, Hieracium pilosella var. viride, 



26 Joint Bulletin 6 

Lactuca villosa. With the exception of the feverfew, only one or two 
plants of the composites were found. The Penstetmon was a very in- 
teresting find as it is understood to be the first record for that species 
so far north. 

Bushes of the fly honeysuckle are widely distributed on the hills 
and along the river, doubtless owing their origin to cultivated bushes 
on the grounds of many residences nearby. 

Of the plants somewhat rare in the state that have been collected 
in Woodstock, the following are worthy of mention: Equisetum palustre. 
Lycopodium inundatum var. Bigelovii, Elymus virginicus var. hirsuti- 
glumis, Festuea octoflora, Scirpus atrovirens, Spergularia rulyra, Ane- 
mone riparia, Amphicarpa pitcheri (abundant along the Ottaqueeche), 
Erodium cicutarium, Acer negundo, Halenia deflexa, Cynanchum nigrum, 
Veronica Chamiaedrys, Crepis capillaris. Leontodon autumnalis. 

Other plants, new to the state and collected in Woodstock and 
presented to the Billings Herbarium, are Hypoxia hirsuta, by Mrs. 
Heselton, SalsoJa pestifera, by Mrs. Mack. 

While my collecting in the state has been chiefly at Woodstock, 
I have been fortunate to find a few interesting plants in other locali- 
ties in the state. Euphorbia glyptosperma, collected in Woodstock 
in 1917, was found in Proctorsville in August, 1920, Corydalis aurea 
was collected at North Ferrisburgh and Charlotte, Trifolium dubium, 
Rhus glabra, Lathyrus paliistris var. myrtifolius and Zanthoxylum 
palustris in North Ferrisburgh. 



^VERMONT DRAGON FLIES LISTED IN MANUAL OF 
THE ODONATA OF NEW ENGLAND 

D. Lewis Button 

For the past three summers the author of this note has been col- 
lecting dragon flies for R. Heber Howe, Jr., who was working on the 
Odonata of New England, and has about completed a working manual 
to cover New England. This manual describes 156 species for New 
England, of which 44 are known to inhabit Vermont. 



*As there is no other medium in Vermont for publishing articles 
concerning the natural history of the state which do not have to do 
with plants or birds, the officers of the society have decided to include 
such articles from time to time in the annual bulletin. Papers on 
branches which have not been treated are solicited. A check list of 
the mammals was published in Joint Bulletin 2, 1916. — Ed. 



Vermont Botanical and Bird Clubs 27 

The most of my collecting has been done about Brandon and 
Leicester, unless otherwise noted after the species. Before the past 
three years collecting, only five or six species were reported for Ver- 
mont and no material was to be located to verify all of the reports 
of those few. 

Mr. Howe has had access to the collections of a few other col- 
lections beside my own that have been made in Vermont during the 
past three years and the locations and collector are here noted for 
species that are not of my collecting. 

The list is as follows: 

Agrion aequaHle, A. maculatum. 

Lestes unguiculatus, L. uncatus, L. disjuncta (Woodstock — Morse), 
L. violacea. 

Enallagma hageni, E. ebrium, E. signatum (St. Albans — Johnson). 

Nehalennia ireni, N. gracilis. 

Amphiagrion saucium. 

Chromagrion conditum (Bristol). 

Ischnura verticalis. 

Cordulegaster diaMatops (Jay, Troy — Morse), C. maculatus. 

Ophiogomphus aspersus (Bennington — Johnson). 

Gomphus parvulus (Starksboro), G. hrevis, G. exilis (Bristol). 

Dromogomphus spinosus. 

Boyeria vinosa. 

Basiaeschna Janata. 

Gomphaeschna furcillata (Newport — Slosson). 

Anax Junius. 

Aeshna umdrosa, A. eremita, A. verticalis, A. canadensis, A. con- 
stricta, A. umbrosa (Rutland — Johnson). 

Didymops transversa (Hagen). 

Dorocordulia libera. 

Somatochlora forcipata. 

Tetragoneuria cynosura. 

Libellula exusta (Bristol), L. lustuosa, L. quadrimaculata, L. 
pulchella. 

Plathemis lydia. 

Sympetrum rubicundulum, 8. semicinctus. 

Leucorrhinia intacta, L. frigida. 



28 Joint Bulletin 6 

NOTES 

New Station for Holly Fern 

Miss Annie Lorenz of Hartford, Conn., reports a fine station for 
PoUstychum Braunii in Weathersfield gorge, discovered August 11, 
1919. 

Saw Humming-bird Incubating 

A humming-bird was observed incubating by Miss Emeline Webster 
of Hartland at the premises of Mrs. L. S. Bartlett and Miss Maria 
Stedman in West Brattleboro in June, 1919. The nest was on the 
branch of a maple tree over the lawn and by climbing out on to a 
piazza roof the observers could see into it, thus having an opportunity 
to observe the domestic life of this interesting bird. 

Vaccinium Vitis-Idaea at Brighton 

There is a good station for Vaccinium Vitis-Ideae L. var. minus 
Lodd. at Brighton. This was reported in 1911 by W. H. Blanchard but 
for some reason was omitted in the Flora of Vermont, published in 
1915. 

Bulletin 7 Wanted 

Harold G. Rugg of Hanover, N. H., is desirous of obtaining a copy 
of Bulletin 7, Vermont Bird club, 1914, and is willing to pay 50 cents 
for one of the booklets. 

Meadowlarks Wintering in Vermont 

Two meadowlarks wintered near Rutland during the severe winter 
of 1919-1920. When the thermometer remained far below zero, day 
after day, in January, they entered the city and were seen on ash 
piles which protruded above the snow. Following the two blizzards 
in March they were not seen. 

Barrow's Goldeneye on the Connecticut 

Wendell P. Smith of Wells River writes that Barrow's goldeneye, 
the American goldeneye, and one Holboell's grebe wintered on the 
Connecticut river near Wells River. 



Vermont Botanical and Bird Clubs 29 

Carex Wildenovii in Vermont 

Carex Wildenovii was found growing on a limestone ledge in a 
pasture in Sudbury in July, 1919, by Clarence H. Knowlton of Hingham, 
Mass. This is the first known collection of this sedge in Vermont. Mr. 
Knowlton reports EupUorMa glyptosperma from a railroad embank- 
ment in Burlington. 

Suggests Intensive Botanizing 

"A suggestion that I have to make to the Botanical club members 
is an intensive comparative study of small areas, the measurements to 
be decided by the club, to ascertain simularity and differences of plant 
growths in different parts of the state. Of course it should be desig- 
nated whether the area is to be in the open or in the woods, in dry or 
in moist situations," writes Miss Elizabeth Billings of Woodstock. 

Grosbeaks at Feed Table 

"A small flock of pine grosbeaks has been about the village (Wood- 
stock) for several weeks and has come to a feeding box placed four 
feet from a house on a bay window and just opposite a chamber window. 
Evening grosbeaks have also frequented feeding boxes about the village 
for two or three winters, staying as late as May 1," writes Mrs. W. H, 
Moore. 



LIST OF MEMBERS 

Botanical Club 

Dr. T. J. Allen State School, Brandon, Vt. 

Miss Mary P. Anderson East Berkshire, Vt. 

Miss Anne S. Angell Brattleboro, Vt. 

Edward Clinton Avery 114 Mariner Street, Buffalo, N. Y. 

Miss Alice E. Bacon Bradford, Vt. 

Mrs. Edward J. Baldwin 190 Loomis Street, Burlington, Vt. 

Dr. John H. Barnhardt Tarrytown, N. Y. 

Dr.' J. W. Barstow 63 Jamaica Avenue, Flushing, N. Y. 

L. C. Bentley Morrisville, Vt. 

Miss Elizabeth Billings Woodstock, Vt. 

C. H. Bissell Southington, Conn. 

Mrs. H. H. Blanchard 38 Pleasant Street, Springfield, Vt. 



30 Joint Bulletin 6 

Thomas E. Boyce Middlebury, Vt. 

Dr. Ezra Brainerd Middlebury, Vt. 

Mrs. Ezra Brainerd Middlebury, Vt. 

Miss Blanche Brigham Hyde Park, Vt. 

Frank H. Brooks St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

Mrs. Frank H. Brooks St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

Mrs. Martha T. Buckham 211 No. Prospect Street, Burlington, Vt. 

Stewart H. Burnham R. F. D. No. 2, Hudson Falls, N. Y. 

Dr. George P. Burns 453 So. Willard Street, Burlington, Vt. 

Miss Edwina Butterfield 30 Manchester Street, Nashua, N. H. 

Miss Mary R. Cabot Brattleboro, Vt. 

Dana S. Carpenter Middletown Springs, Vt. 

Mrs. Dana S. Carpenter Middletown Springs, Vt. 

Miss Florence A. Carpenter South Street, Foxboro, Mass. 

Edward B. Chamberlain 18 W. 89th Street, New York City 

Mrs. Grace I. Chamberlin 44 R Street, N. E., Washington, D. C. 

Miss Anna M. Clark 400 W. 118th Street, New York City 

Carroll L. Coburn No. Montpelier, Vt. 

Mrs. H. G. Colby Vergennes, Vt. 

Mrs. A. H. Colton Post Mills, Vt. 

Mrs. Omeron H. Coolidge 93 Maple Street, Rutland, Vt. 

Miss Mary E. Coventry 109 Summit Street, Burlington, Vt. 

Miss Ada Porter Crane Springfield, Vt. 

Miss Esther L. Crowell Lindenhurst, Brattleboro, Vt. 

Miss Susan Cunningham Lyndon ville, Vt. 

Dr. C. A. Cheever Main Street, South Hingham, Mass. 

Miss Nancy Darling R. F. D. No. 2, Woodstock, Vt. 

Mrs. Elizabeth B. Davenport Lindenhurst, Brattleboro, Vt. 

Dr. H. M. Denslow 2 Chelsea Square, New York City 

Miss Adelaide L. Denton 4 East Avenue, Saratoga, N. Y. 

Frank Dobbin Shushan, N. Y. 

E. J. Dole Y. M. C. A. Bldg., Burlington, Vt. 

Lewis M. Dougan Middle Granville, N. Y. 

Miss Helen Eastman Wells River, Vt. 

Miss Ethel A. Eddy West Wardsboro, Vt. 

Willard W. Eggleston 612 Randolph Street, N. W., Washington, D. C. 

Mrs. Willard W. Eggleston. 612 Randolph Street, N. W., Washington, D. C, 

Zenas H. Ellis '. Fair Haven, Vt. 

J. H. Emerton 30 Ipswich Street, Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. Orra A. Ferguson Rutland, Vt. 



Vermont Botanical and Bird Clubs 31 

Miss Ruth B, Fisher 136 Stuyvesant Place, New Brighton, N. Y. 

Raymond D. Flanagan Cuttingsville, Vt. 

Mrs. Allen M. Fletcher Proctorsville, Vt. 

Miss Fannie Fletcher Proctorsville, Vt. 

Lewis H. Flint Burlington, Vt. 

Fred G. Floyd 325 Park Street, West Roxbury, Mass. 

Mrs. Nellie F. Flynn 251 So. Willard Street, Burlington, Vt. 

Rev. George W. French Templeton, Mass. 

Mrs. Mary E. French Templeton, Mass. 

Miss Violet S. French 124 Main Street, Springfield, Vt. 

O. P. Fullam Westminster, Vt. 

Miss Evelyn L. Fuller Woodstock, Vt. 

Miss Mabel Garey . . . .• East Thetford, Vt. 

E. F. Gebhardt 404 College Street, Burlington, Vt. 

Mrs. E. F. Gebhardt 404 College Street, Burlington, Vt. 

Mrs. C. H. Gilfillan Box 47, Barnet, Vt. 

Miss Helen S. Gilson 50 Williams Street, Rutland, Vt. 

Dr. Abel J. Grout New Dorp, Richmond Bor, N. Y. 

Mrs. H. A. Hall 55 Prospect Street, Rutland, Vt. 

Dr. J. B. Ham 1825 Humboldt Avenue, Denver, Col. 

Mrs. James Hartness 300 Orchard Street, Springfield, Vt. 

Miss Louise C. Hazen Brookside Farm, White River Jet., Vt. 

Dr. Tracy E. Hazen Barnard College, New York City 

Miss Margaret Heatley P. 0. Box 1176, Johannesburg, South Africa 

Mrs. Mabel Strong Heselton Taftsville, Vt. 

Frederick C. Holbrook Brattleboro, Vt. 

Mrs. Grace C. Holbrook Brattleboro, Vt. 

Mrs. Henry Holt 19 West 44th Street, New York City 

Miss Frances P. Hooper 

Botanical Dept., State College for Women, Columbus, Miss. 

Frederick H. Horsford Charlotte, Vt. 

Mrs. Effie Houghton Lyndonville, Vt. 

Dr. Clifton D. Howe. .Botanical Dept., Toronto University, Toronto, Ont. 

Miss Inez Addie Howe R. F. D. 4, St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

Dr. Marshall A. Howe N. Y. Botanical Garden, Bronx Park, N. Y. 

Miss Ella L. Hughes Box 473, Fair Haven, Vt. 

Miss Gwendoline T. Hughes Box 473, Fair Haven, Vt. 

Miss Gwladys Hughes Box 473, Fair Haven, Vt. 

Miss Adella V. Ingham Vergennes, Vt. 

Mrs. L. Frances Jolley Berkshire, Vt. 



32 Joint Bulletin 6 

Mrs. Laura M. Jones 171 So. Union Street, Burlington, Vt. 

Dr. Lewis R. Jones 

Dept. Plant Pathology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wis. 

Miss Elizabeth S. Kelley 143 McLaren Street, Ottawa, Can. 

George L. Kirk Rutland, Vt. 

Miss Elsie M. Kittredge North Ferrisburgh, Vt. 

Clarence H. Knowlton Hingham, Mass. 

Mrs. George A. Laird Royalton, Vt. 

Prof. Frederic S. Lee 125 East 65th Street, New York City 

Mrs. Chester Loomis Englewood, N. J. 

Miss Annie Lorenz 96 Garden Street, Hartford, Conn. 

Miss Mary A. Loveland Norwich, Vt. 

Benjamin F. Lutman Ill No. Prospect Street, Burlington, Vt. 

Mrs. William E. Mack West Woodstock, Vt. 

James H. Macomber 400 So. Union Street, Burlington, Vt. 

Mrs. James H. Macomber 400 So. Union Street, Burlington, Vt. 

Richard M. Marble Woodstock, Vt. 

Miss Mattie E. Matthews 210 So. Union Street, Burlington, Vt. 

A. B. Morgan Woodstock, Vt. 

C. H. Morrill Bakersfield, Vt. 

Mrs. Cora Morrill Bakersfield, Vt. 

Prof. W. J. Morse University of Maine, Orono, Me. 

Mrs. Stella P. Moulton 178 So. Prospect Street, Burlington, Vt. 

Miss Ella Munsell Wells River, Vt. 

Miss Lottie Munsell Wells River, Vt. 

Mrs. Mary C. Munson Manchester, Vt. 

Mrs. Harry A. Noyes Hyde Park, Vt. 

Miss Grace Palmer 419 So. Willard Street, Burlington, Vt. 

Miss Fannie J. Parkhurst Weston, Vt. 

Miss Marion C. Parkhurst 30 Elmwood Avenue, Burlington, Vt. 

Prof. A. K. Peitersen Fort Collins, Col. 

F. T. Pember Granville, N. Y. 

Dr. Anne E. Perkins State Hospital, Collins, N. Y. 

Prof. George H. Perkins 205 So. Prospect Street, Burlington, Vt. 

J. R. Perkins Danbury Normal School, Danbury, Conn. 

Arthur Piper Vergennes, Vt. 

Mrs. Mabel C. Pollock 2309 Hartray Avenue, Evanston, 111. 

D. Eddy Potter West Rutland, Vt. 

Dr. Mary Goddard Potter 39 W. 60th Street, New York, City 

Mrs. Lucia B. Powell Milton, Vt. 



Vermont Botanical and Bird Clubs 33 

Miss Florence L. Pratt Oak Street, Brattleboro, Vt. 

Oliver S. Presbrey 109 Summit Street, Burlington, Vt. 

Mrs. Oliver S. Presbrey 109 Summit Street, Burlington, Vt. 

Edward L. Rand... 1052 Exchange Bldg., 53 State Street, Boston, Mass. 

Mrs. Fannie W. Raymenton Cavendish, Vt. 

Miss Addie L. Reed R. F. D. No. 2, Brattleboro, Vt. 

Harry C. Ridlon Cuttingsville, Vt. 

Miss Hazel H. Riley Franklin, Vt. 

John Ritchie, Jr. 

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass. 

George A. Robbins 249 Church Street, Burlington, Vt. 

Mrs. Mary F. Robbins 249 Church Street, Burlington, Vt. 

Miss Belle D. Robinson Williamstown, Vt. 

Prof. B. L. Robinson 3 Clement Circle, Cambridge, Mass. 

Miss May E. Rogers R. F. D. No. 2, Woodstock, Vt. 

George H. Ross 23 West Street, Rutland, Vt. 

Dr. Lucretius H. Ross Bennington, Vt. 

Mrs. Salome Bixby Ross Bennington, Vt. 

Harold Goddard Rugg Box 241, Hanover, N. H. 

Mrs. Julia A. H. Rugg Proctorsville, Vt. 

Mrs. E. H. Sargent East Thetford, Vt. 

Francis H. Sargent Wolfboro, N. H. 

H. E. Sargent Brewster Free Academy, Wolfboro, N. H. 

Mrs. W. T. Scofield 267 So. Union Street, Burlington, Vt. 

Prof. Ethan Allen Shaw Northfield, Vt. 

Miss Mabel A. Shields 5 Jones Street, Burlington, Vt. 

Miss Estelle Smith 267 So. Union Street, Burlington, Vt. 

Dr. Perley Spaulding 

Bureau of Plant Industry, U. S. Dept. Agriculture, Washington, D. C. 

Dr. Luther P. Sprague Chateaugay, N. Y. 

Mason S. Stone Montpelier, Vt. 

Mrs. Carrie E. Straw Stowe, Vt. 

Dr. Henry H. Swift Pittsford, Vt. 

Elihu B. Taft 397 Pearl Street, Burlington, Vt. 

Mrs. Emily Hitchcock Terry 103 South Street, Northampton, Mass. 

Rev. Dr. John M. Thomas Middlebury, Vt. 

Miss Phoebe M. Towle 10 Lafayette Place, Burlington, Vt. 

Mrs. Helen Barton Tuttle 12 Converse Court, Burlington, Vt. 

Jay G. Underwood Hartland, Vt. 

Mrs. Pearl E. Underwood Hartland, Vt. 



34 Joint Bulletin 6 

Miss Dorothy Votey 489 Main Street, Burlington, Vt. 

Mrs. Frederick H. Walker 741 Washington Street, Portland, Ore. 

Frederick W. Ward 396 Main Street, Burlington, Vt. 

Mrs. Frederick W. Ward 396 Main Street, Burlington, Vt. 

Mrs. Ella Scott Warner. .N. E. Industrial School for Deaf, Beverly, Mass. 

Mrs. Frank M. Warner Vergennes, Vt. 

Miss Mary E. Waterman Williamstown, Vt. 

Mrs. Abbie P. Watson Alstead, N. H. 

Charles A. Weatherby 11 Wells Avenue, East Hartford, Conn. 

Mrs. D. C. Webster Hartland, Vt. 

Miss Emeline Webster Hartland, Vt. 

Miss Grace E. Wheeler 138 Main Street, Springfield, Vt. 

Leston A. Wheeler Townshend, Vt. 

Miss Mary L, Wheeler Fairbanks Museum, St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

Miss Lucy J. White 36 Billings Park, Newton, Mass. 

Phineas W. Whiting 834 Marietta Avenue, Lancaster, Pa. 

Mrs. Phineas W. Whiting 834 Marietta Avenue, Lancaster, Pa. 

Rev. Levi Wild Royalton, Vt. 

Mrs. C. M. Winslow Brandon, Vt. 

E. J. Winslow Laselle Seminary, Auburndale, Mass. 

Mrs. Harry L. Winter 419 So. Willard Street, Burlington, Vt. 

Richard W. Woodward 22 College Street, New Haven, Conn. 

Dr. W. Godfrey Watt State Hospital, Waterbury, Vt. 



Vermont Botanical and Bibd Clubs 35 

Bird Dub 

Miss Laura L. Ainsworth Williamstown, Vt. 

Miss Belle Anderson Waterbury, Vt. 

Edward C. Avery 114 Mariner Street, Buffalo, N. Y. 

Mrs. Joseph M. Ayres Bennington 

Miss M. Elizabeth Bagg 13 Washington Street, Brattleboro 

William Barclay Barre 

Miss Elizabeth Billings Woodstock 

Miss Katherine Bingham St. Johnsbury 

Mrs. W. H. Bradford Bennington 

Dr. Ezra Brainerd Middlebury 

L. F. Brehmer Rutland 

R. G. Brock Wells River 

Frank H. Brooks St. Johnsbury 

Mrs. Frank H. Brooks ". . . St. Johnsbury 

Miss Julia A. Chase Bakersfield 

Miss Edith Chamberlin Vergennes 

Miss Emily Clark St. Johnsbury 

C. V. H. Coan 82 Church Street, Rutland 

Mrs. C. V. H. Coan 82 Church Street, Rutland 

Mrs. Lewis D. Coburn North Montpelier 

Mrs. A. H. Colton Post Mills 

Miss Ada Porter Crane Springfield 

Mrs. Elizabeth B. Davenport Lindenhurst, Brattleboro 

Mrs. J. D. Davis Waitsfield 

R. V. N. Davis Rutland 



Miss Adelaide L. Denton 41 East Avenue, Saratoga, N. Y 



Mrs. John H. Donnelly Vergennes 

Miss Sarah L. Draper Fair Haven 

A. W. Eddy Middlebury 

Mrs. F. E. D. Farmer 70 Elm Street, Rutland 

Miss Shirley Farr Brandon 

Mrs. Allen M. Fletcher Proctorsville 

Miss Fannie Fletcher Proctorsville 

Mrs. Nellie F. Flynn 251 So. Willard Street, Burlington 

Mrs. H. E. Folsom Lyndonville 

Miss Violet F. French 124 Main Street, Springfield 

O. P. Fullam Westminster 

C. C Gates No. Hartland 



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36 Joint Bulletin 6 

Mrs. E. F. Gebhardt 404 College Street, Burlington, Vt. 

Mrs. C. H. Gilfillan Box 47, Barnet, Vt. 

Miss Annie M. Granger 4106 Rosewood Avenue, Los Angeles, Cal. 

Miss Sarah E. Graves Waterbury, Vt. 

Mrs. H. A. Hall 55 Prospect Street, Rutland, Vt. 

Miss Jean P. Harris East Poultney, Vt. 

Frank H. Hart 11 Kendall Avenue, Rutland, Vt. 

Mrs. James Hartness 30 Orchard Street, Springfield, Vt. 

Mrs. Emma L. Harwood 745 Main Street, Bennington, Vt. 

Mrs. Mabel S. Heselton Taftsville, Vt. 

Mrs. Edwin Hillis No. Montpelier, Vt. 

Frank T. Hoag New Haven, Vt. 

Miss Annie M. Holcomb St. Albans, Vt. 

William Holden Leominster, Mass. 

Mrs. Henry Holt 19 W. 44th Street, New York City, N. Y. 

Mrs. Effie Houghton Lyndonville, Vt. 

Dr. Clifton D. Howe 

Botanical Dept., University of Toronto, Toronto, Ont. 

Miss Inez Addie Howe St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

W. B. Howe 409 So. Union Street, Burlington, Vt. 

Miss Charlotte Hale , 11 Loomis Street, Burlington, Vt. 

Miss Mary E. Jennison 196 Main Street, St. Albans, Vt. 

Mrs. L. Frances Jolley Berkshire, Vt. 

Charles H. Jones 98 Brookes Avenue, Burlington, Vt. 

Miss Julia Kellogg Benson, Vt. 

Duane E. Kent Rutland, Vt. 

Mrs. Helen H. Kilbourn Poultney, Vt. 

George L. Kirk Rutland, Vt. 

Mrs. R. D. Lewis 24 Orchard Terrace, Burlington. Vt. 

Mrs. N. P. Lovering St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

Walter Carroll Lowe 346 Broadway, New York, N. Y. 

Mrs. Walter Carroll Lowe 346 Broadway, New York, N. Y. 

Mrs. William E. Mack West Woodstock, Vt. 

Richard M. Marble Woodstock, Vt. 

Mrs. W. H. Moore Woodstock, Vt. 

Mrs. A. B. Morgan Woodstock, Vt. 

Mrs. A. P. Morgan Woodstock, Vt. 

C. H. Mon-ill Bakersfield, Vt. 

Mrs. Cora V. Morrill Bakersfield, Vt. 

Francis E. Morse 130 So. Main Street, Brattleboro, Vt. 



Vermont Botanical and Bird Clubs 37 

Mrs. Mary C. Munson Manchester, Vt. 

Harry A. Noyes Hyde Park, Vt. 

Mrs. Harry A. Noyes Hyde Park, Vt. 

Mrs. L. H. Noyes Hyde Park, Vt. 

Mrs. Harland L. Parker Lyndonville, Vt. 

Mrs. Agnes M. Paxton 317 Nesmith Street, Lowell, Mass. 

Dr. Anne E. Perkins State Hospital, Collins, N. Y. 

Prof. George H. Perkins 205 So. Prospect Street, Burlington, Vt. 

Dr. Harry F. Perkins 205 So. Prospect Street, Burlington, Vt. 

Mrs. Harry P. Perkins 205 So. Prospect Street, Burlington, Vt. 

W. H. Phillips Brattleboro, Vt. 

Mrs. W. H. Phillips Brattleboro, Vt. 

Mrs. Arthur Piper Vergennes, Vt. 

L. Henry Potter R. F. D. No. 2, West Rutland, Vt. 

Miss Charlotte G. Parkhurst 30 Elmwood Avenue, Burlington, Vt. 

Waldo L. Rich Saratoga, N. Y. 

Mrs. Waldo L. Rich Saratoga, N. Y. 

Harry C. Ridlon Cuttingsville, Vt. 

John Ritchie, Jr. 

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass. 

George H. Ross 23 West Street, Rutland, Vt. 

Dr. Lucretius H. Ross Bennington, Vt. 

Mrs. Salome Bixby Ross Bennington, Vt. 

Harold Goddard Rugg Box 241, Hanover, N. H. 

Harvey T. Rutter 57 Brookes Avenue, Burlington, Vt. 

Miss Mary L. Sanford R. F. D. No. 2, North Adams, Mass. 

Mrs. Charles M. Seaver Williamstown, Vt. 

Miss Mabel A. Shields 5 Jones Street, St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

Ernest F. Skinner Passumpsic, Vt. 

Wendell P. Smith Wells River, Vt. 

R. C. Spaulding 182 So. Main Street, Rutland, Vt. 

Mrs. R. C. Spaulding 182 So. Main Street, Rutland, Vt. 

Miss Mabel Stevens St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

Arthur F. Stone St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

Mrs. Carrie E. Straw Stowe, Vt. 

Mrs. D. H. Strong Benson, Vt. 

Elihu B. Taft 397 Pearl Street, Burlington, Vt. 

C. P. Tarbell So. Royalton, Vt. 

Mrs. Josephine Thayer 39 Lafayette Place, Burlington, Vt. 

Mason Towle 10 Lafayette Place, Burlington, Vt. 



38 Joint Bulletin 6 

Jay G. Underwood Hartland, Vt. 

Mrs. Pearl E. Underwood '.Hartland, Vt. 

Remington Vernam 14 Greenwood Street, Mechanicville, N. Y. 

Mrs. George W. Wales 289 College Street, Burlington, Vt. 

Mrs. Willard B. Walker Benson, Vt. 

Miss Mary Lois Ward Poultney, Vt. 

Mrs. Pearl Wasson Grassmount, Burlington, Vt. 

Miss Mary E. Waterman Williamstown, Vt. 

Miss Mary L. Wheeler Fairbanks Museum, St. Johnsbury, Vt. 

Miss Lucy J. White 36 Billings Park, Newton, Mass. 

Miss Angle F. Willey Lyndon Center, Vt. 

F. E. Wright Londonderry, Vt. 



JOINT OFFICERS 

President Dr. Ezra Brainerd, Middlebury 

Vice-President Dr. George H. Perkins, Burlington 

Secretary-Treasurer Mrs. Nellie F. Flynn, Burlington 

Librarian L. H. Flint, Burlington 

Editor George L. Kirk, Rutland 



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